Food Allergy in Children






Does your child has an allergy to certain food?


It is natural for young children to have food allergies. For children below one year of age, they acquire common food allergy from eggs, cow’s milk and peanuts. Most of the time they get to have allergy with one or two foods. Generally, children will outgrow their allergy from egg and cow’s milk by age of five. But for some young ones, food allergy can be serious and permanent.




So what causes food allergies?


A food allergy is a strange bodily defense action that recognizes an invading substance to usually, a little amount of food protein. It is not yet recognized on the definite cause of food allergy. It is even unclear why some children develop and some do not. Also, it is more common to children to have it with a family history of allergic diseases.


Being sensitive to food protein may occur even before the child is born – during mother’s pregnancy.



What are the symptoms of food allergy?


There are several symptoms of food allergy and one of the most common symptoms among children is itchy skin rash. Other symptoms are as follow:


- Red rash around the mouth

- Itching and swelling of the mouth and throat

- Atopic dermatitis or eczema

- Vomiting

- Diarrhea

- Abdominal pain


How food allergy can be treated?


Food allergy can be diagnosed by allergist through skin test and the best way to treat food allergy is by avoiding allergenic food. Although, children can be given a healthier alternative to prevent nutritional deficiency.


Parents should also be prepared and learn how to administer an adrenaline auto-injector especially during those times a child accidentally consumed food which he has allergy. It is life-saving for the little ones especially during severe food allergy like peanut allergy.



Can a food allergy affect a child’s growth and development?


It is unlikely to affect a child’s growth and development if there is an allergy to only one or two foods and otherwise when he is eating normally. However, children with multiple food allergies may require dietary advice on alternative healthy foods to ensure they get proper nutrition.


There are important things to remember when your child has been diagnosed with food allergies:


- Once a child has been properly diagnosed with a food allergy, as a parent, you should make sure that your child’s medication and adrenaline auto-injector are always within easy reach. In the absence of parents, other adults should be aware of the child’s situation and know what to do.

- Consult a doctor immediately when the child shows difficulty in breathing, has severe vomiting and diarrhea with abdominal pain, and looks pale and lethargic.

- Consult a doctor immediately when the child shows difficulty in breathing, has severe vomiting and diarrhea with abdominal pain, and looks pale and lethargic.



This article was adapted from https://www.healthxchange.sg/children/food-nutrition/food-allergy-children






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